Definition of ABS strategies and initiatives

Support to the development of strategies and the identification of potential opportunities for the implementation of the Nagoya Protocol in the SADC

We are carrying out a preliminary review and data collection with the final aim to integrate Nagoya Protocol of the CBD in the national biodiversity policies in Mozambique.

Background and general objectives

This component aims to identify and catch any realization opportunities offered by the application of Nagoya Protocol on access to genetic resources and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from their utilization (Access and Benefit Sharing – ABS). This could be achieved reinforcing the institutional capabilities of the ABS in the SADC countries with a focus on Mozambique and the cross-border area of the Limpopo basin with the involvement of local indigenous communities.

Within this component, a series of preliminary activities have been launched, including a review of the current situation in the SADC countries with regard to ratification, institutional set-up and legislative and implementation activities related to ABS, in addition to a general analysis of the context in which the ABS was applied. A more detailed analysis will be carried out in the Limpopo basin area, paying particular attention to cross-border relationships, as well as to ecosystemic and cultural continuity characteristics that go beyond national and international administrative borders.

In order to better define the following activities, in this preliminary phase we aim to answer the following questions:

  • What policies, legislation and legal capacity exist or are there in SADC countries – particularly in Mozambique – to ensure access to genetic resources and the fair distribution of their benefits?
  • What are the institutions of these countries involved in the management and implementation of the ABS protocol activities?
  • What are the administrative requirements for the implementation of the ABS protocol and what are the most obvious limitations?
  • What ABS projects have been positively tested in other countries?
  • What are the main stakeholders involved in ABS?
  • Once constraints and gaps have been identified, which actions are best suited to identify, develop and implement ABS measures in the SADC-in particular in Mozambique and in the Limpopo area and where the ability to locate genetic resources within environments Similar biogeographic and cultural continuity appear realistic?

In the operational phase, research and training activities will be identified in order to bridge institutional gaps and to support the involvement of local communities and the awareness of the ownership of genetic resources and the importance of traditional knowledge through appropriate methodologies. This phase will co-ordinate and integrate with the other (eg Component 1) that provide field activities in order to maximize efforts and minimize costs. For example, it is anticipated that – with appropriate technical supervision – it will be possible to integrate with the ABS component the campaigns and the related data collection material (questionnaires, ToR., etc.) designed for other aspects of biodiversity and socio-economic aspects.

Expected results

  • Elaboration of a draft national implementation protocol for ABS in Mozambique
  • List of native species used by communities
  • ABS incorporated into the contents of national biodiversity policies

List of current partners

Limpopo National Park (Mozambique)

National focal point for ABS (Mozambique)